The term ‘carbon count’ refers to the measure of how much carbon dioxide (CO2) we individually produce on a regular basis. This could be in the form of travel, using electrical goods in our homes, and even less obvious areas that have a hidden carbon footprint.
When you hear about carbon emissions these days, it’s often in the context of climate change. This is effectively referring to the carbon dioxide that is released into the atmosphere by the burning of things as oil, coal and gas.
The emissions from burning these substances ultimately come from things like industrial activity and manufacturing, transportation (air travel, shipping and land-based vehicles), and from heating and powering our homes, towns and cities.
Carbon footprint is used to measure the effect or ‘impact’ that we each have on the environment.
Often used in reference to the impact of our activities on climate change, carbon footprint is often given in the amount of carbon dioxide we produce across a period of time (measured in tonnes or kg).
If the amount of CO2 released into the atmosphere is equal to the amount removed (for example, by plants) or saved (for example, through renewable energy), the net resulting balance point is considered to be carbon neutral.
The main idea behind the concept of the circular economy is to achieve an economic system in which waste and continual resource use is ultimately eliminated.
Circular economic thinking places emphasis not only on the recycling and reuse of resources, but also on sharing as well as extending the longevity of resource use in the system through actions such as repairing.
Building on the concepts of circular economic thinking, the idea behind the circular fashion philosophy is to design pollution and waste out of clothing, increasing the life of the things we wear and creating them in such a way that they ‘give back’ and contribute to the regeneration of natural systems at end of life.
This is the change of climate which can be either directly or indirectly connected to the activity of humans and that changes the composition of the planet’s atmosphere beyond that which would otherwise be considered to be the natural variability in climate when studied over comparable periods of time.
Conservation refers to any actions taken in pursuit of promoting or supporting the continuity of biodiversity and ecosystems.
The commonly used definition of cruelty-free is that products have been sourced, developed, and manufactured without any experimentation or testing on animals. In general, this is the definition used when a company is certified as ‘cruelty-free’.
There is some confusion over the difference between cruelty-free and vegan – the latter is defined as being free from animal products or by-products. Some argue that for a product to truly be ‘free from cruelty’ it must also be vegan and therefore never be tested on animals and also not include any animal products or by-products.
This is an important distinction to consider, as for some, this is the definition that truly represents the concept of something being free from cruelty.
Here at Live By, we consider all three of these view points separately (see also vegan and free from cruelty) and use the common definition for cruelty-free as outlined above.